The following blog entry was written not about West-Park but about the conference at Stony Point bringing together the pioneers of the movement for lgbtq inclusion in the PCUSA. It's special focus is on the role of the Presbyterian Health Education and Welfare Association's role in that journey. Pastor Brashear was a two term PHEWA President and continues to serve on the board. It's also important to note that the first More Light church was West-Park. Some have called its 1978 Moire Light statement the religious stonewall. It's a legacy to live up to.
|Rock Stars and Prophets|
Rock Stars and Prophets: Generations of Justice and Love was the name of the gathering at Stony Point April 8-10. And that’s exactly who showed up. Under the auspices of That All May Freely Serve, it was a homecoming gathering and celebration for around 85 saints who had been involved in the decades long struggle for lgbtq inclusion the PCUSA. And was also an opportunity to gather those stories while we still can, to do documentation and preservation of a history while it is still with us.
|Jim and Janie Spahr remember|
Looking around the room, I realized how important that was. While there was a contingent of the second and third wave of leadership, most of us were in our 60’s, 70’s, even 80’s. Our stories need to be recorded now. When the leadership group from the 70’s got up to report, someone noted that there was only one male clergy in a group that had been devastated by the AIDS pandemic. Looking around the room, I also noted the decades of stolen ministry, lost ministry. Well, not exactly, because many had been in constant faithful ministry only denied official denominational recognition by the church they loved leaving them in a state of ecclesiastical house arrest as internal exiles.
A life-size cardboard cut out of Howard Warren, God’s Glorious Gadfly,
of beloved memory greeted us as we entered the meeting
hall reminding us of his witness. Howard was a rock star and prophet both. He
was family, one of us. And never hesitant to call the church to task. Including
us when we would hesitate in our
|Howard Warren presente|
I recalled some special Howard moments. Like his long walk in the opening worship service of the 1990 Baltimore General Assembly when he walked the whole length of the arena floor to stand silently in front of outgoing moderator Price Gwynn with a sign that read Shame. While nervous security guards stirred, Moderator Gwynn proceeded as if Howard were not even there.
When I wrote about this event later, I referenced the retired jerseys of Baltimore basketball greats hanging from the rafters. I wrote something like,
In an arena that once was home to basketball greats like Wes Unsled and Earl(the Pearl) Monroe, no one ever moved across that arena floor with the grace shown by Howard Warren in his long walk last night…
Later, Howard said to me, In my whole life, I’ve never had anything about me described as athletic. I kind of like that…
(Does anyone know who accompanied Howard on that walk?)
Or in 1993 at the Albuquerque Biennial. In response to the shameful disinviting of Janie Spahr to preach at the Center in Louisville, Howard in his wonderful way, rose with a motion to accuse then Executive Director James Brown of the sin of Sodom, meaning of course the failure to show hospitality. Of course, the Layman reported that PHEWA had accused brown of sodomy. Howard lived free of fear with righteous anger, humor gentle, ironic and fierce and love, big love.
Looking around the room, I see old friends like Janie Spahr, Lisa Larges, Chris Glaser. Others whose stories I am just learning as we weave our individual memories into one fabric. I need to try and capture the ways PHEWA contributed to this journey.
How many knew that long-time PHEWA director Rodney Martin was a commissioner to that 1978 Assembly that made explicit the judging and exclusion of avowed and practicing homosexuals from ordained ministry even while making a hypocritical expression of welcome. And that Rod was the first commissioner to sign and file a dissent to that action.
Following that GA, Rod made PHEWA a safe place, a place of welcome, of home, for all, especially those who had been excluded. Not in pursuit of what the layman called the homosexual agenda, (I always loved that phrase) but because their ministries were our ministries. That’s all. Chris Glaser and West Hollywood ‘s Lazarus project, Janie Spahr’s ministries lived under our tent at GA.
In that infamous 1993 Biennial, PHEWA passed a statement of inclusion which pcusa news director Jerry Van Marter’s headline had us joining the front lines of the ordination struggle. (If only…) [i] This would lead to PHEWA being made to pass through a GA gauntlet that included investigations and PHEWA Director being left naked of support and hung out to dry before GA. (Now PHEWA board member Doug Mitchell would help turn the GA committee from censure to additional financial support…) However, the aftershocks continued into recent times.
Again in 1993, the New Orleans Biennial made waves when John Park Lee Award winner Matt English, soon to die from AIDS, took the opportunity to deliver a jeremiad to the denomination.[ii] A COMANO statement ended by ironically comparing the welcoming response of a secular blues club, House of Blues, to that of the denomination.
When PHEWA narrowly escaped the death penalty at the 1995 GA, the Presbyterian Layman had this to say:
This article, on pg. 7 of The Layman, reminds me that PHEWA kept its denominational funding by less than 5 votes on the floor of the 1995 G.A., largely over PHEWA use of “responsible dissent,” advocating against G.A. policies on GLBTQ ordination.
PHEWA has been criticized for its activism, lack of accountability, and disagreement (what it calls “responsible dissent”) with denominational policy. In response to these criticisms, the 1995 General Assembly called on the GAC to review PHEWA’s activities since 1992, monitor PHEWA in light of its Memo of Understanding with the PCUSA, and report the findings to the 1996 GA. That GA adopted two resolutions. One instructed the moderator to appoint a committee to address concerns critics have had about PHEWA’s exclusive membership and to clarify definitions of terms like “responsible dissent.” A separate action dealt with PHEWA finances and accounting standards and called on NMD to review the Memo of Understanding to “consider revisions to address the concerns of inclusiveness and political advocacy. ...” Among PHEWA member organizations are Presbyterians Affirming Reproductive Options, Presbyterian Association of Specialized Pastoral Ministries, Presbyterian Child Advocacy Network, Presbyterians for Disabilities Concerns, and Presbyterian AIDS Network. “One of the things we have to celebrate with PHEWA is its ministry with people in the trenches,” NMD Committee Chairperson Sandra Hawley of Bloomington, Minn., said. Trust “Trust” was a word used frequently at the NMD Committee meeting as members discussed the covenant draft. Referring to the draft’s first paragraph, which calls on the two parties to build a relationship of trust in the denomination, Steve Grace of Midland, Mich., asked, “How are you intending to do that?”
In the 1999 Biennial in San Diego, it was PHEWA’s display of the Shower of Stoles that once again put us in the spotlight and drew a vitriolic attack from the Layman.[iii]
That would be the last public venting related to PHEWA and the lgbtq inclusion struggle. Our insider/outsider reality always carried its inherent tensions. Yet we had our role, ouyr place, and our story belongs there along with Presbyterians for Lesbian and Gay Concerns, the More Light Church movement (later to merge), That All May Freely Serve (formed in response to the blocking of Janie’s call to ministry in Rochester) and finally the Covenant Network who with the diligent organizing skills of Tricia Dykers Koenjg brought the liberal tall steeples into the political struggle.
In my 15 minute interview regarding the future, I pointed out how white the gathering was, a reality that has to be confronted moving forward. Now that inclusion so no longer the defining fault line between liberal and conservative churches, the issues of race and class will now have to be faced. (Thankfully thanks to those like Janie and Lisa, there has always been at least a voice, even if crying from the wilderness, seeing the connection in these issues.
Then there is this…yes, our polity has now been changed. But there can be no reconciliation without a process of amends. Around the circle were those who lived it out in the PCUSA out of devotion and love, their gracious gift to us. But there were also those whose pain led them to leave the PCUSA. To the Unitarians or Metropolitan Community Churches or United Churches of Christ. No one has to accept abuse forever. And others left the church entirely. How many cumulative years of ministry were stolen, that can never be given back? How do you repair broken hearts, wounded spirits? What kind of overture would open that conversation? What would Howard do?
Many thanks to Ray Bagnuolo
and TAMFS for pulling this all together and to Rick and
Kitty Ufford-Chase and Stony Point for hosting.
|Ray makes a point|
|Kitty and Rick Ufford-Chase|
PHEWA Joins Front Lines in Struggle for Gay & Lesbian Ordination
-- Jerry L. Van Marter, *News*, Presbyterian Church
(U.S.A.), News Briefs - 9307, February 12, 1993.
Albuquerque, NM. -- With virtually no one in opposition, members
of the Presbyterian Health, Education and Welfare Association
(PHEWA) voted Feb. 6 to join the front lines in the battle for
ordination rights for gay and lesbian Presbyterians.
In giving near unanimous approval (less than 10 of the 500
persons voting abstained) to four resolutions related to the
prolonged struggle for gay and lesbian ordination in the
Presbyterian Church, the association brushed aside concerns that
taking such actions might jeopardize the association's structural
relationship with its parent Social Justice and Peacemaking
Ministry Unit (SJP).
A memo of understanding between the two groups gives the
association the right to "responsible dissent" while working
within the framework of General Assembly policy. The executive
director of the association is an employee of the General
Assembly. The association receives about $80,000 from the
ministry unit's budget.
Under an agreement worked out between the association's board of
directors and SJP officials, no money from the unit or staff
time by PHEWA executive director the Rev. Mark Wendorf will be
committed to the association's effort to change the
denomination's ordination policy.
The actions taken by the association included:
* Adoption of a "Statement of Inclusion" (see below);
* Adoption of a statement that reads: "We celebrate the gifts of
lesbian, bisexual and gay persons and support their ordination
*Endorsement of a "Declaration of Conscience," a statement that
has been circulating widely in the Presbyterian Church protesting
the General Assembly Permanent Judicial Commission's decisions
setting aside the call of the Rev. Jane Spahr, an avowed lesbian,
to Downtown Presbyterian Church in Rochester, N.Y., and revoking
the certification of avowed lesbian Lisa Larges by Twin Cities
Area Presbytery as ready to receive a call;
* Adoption of a statement condemning homophobia and calling for
the church to be inclusive of gay men, bisexuals, and lesbians.
Prior to the vote on the resolutions, former PHEWA interim
executive director the Rev. John Scotland sketched the history of
the relationship between PHEWA and the denomination and outlined
the dangers of taking actions that run counter to current General
Assembly policy. "There are those in the church who are waiting
for us to make a mistake. If we choose to give up our life on
this, let's know it going in."
During floor debate, Spahr, director of a ministry with gay and
lesbian persons and their families in San Rafael, Calif., rose
and said, "The cost to PHEWA may be money, but the cost to gay
and lesbian people is death."
Laurene LaFontaine of Denver, Colo., added, "If we kow-tow on
this issue, then our commitment to justice is empty. If we act
out of fear, then we are standing on sand; if we stand on the
rock of justice, God will take care of us."
In a related action, the association approved a resolution urging
the overturning of Amendment 2 in Colorado, a measure passed by
voters in that state Nov. 3 prohibiting the extension of civil
rights to gay and lesbian persons. The association also asked
its board of directors to monitor the introduction of similar
legislation in other states and to alert synods and presbyteries
in those states where such legislation is introduced.
The group also approved a resolution supporting President
Clinton's decision to end the ban on gay and lesbian persons in
the military. -- Jerry L. Van Marter, *News*, Presbyterian Church
(U.S.A.), News Briefs - 9307, February 12, 1993.
PHEWA Statement of Inclusion
(adopted Feb. 6, 1993)
In an era when the world is bent on warring factions,
seeking 'ethnic cleansing',
fueled by segregation and divisiveness,
built upon casting out the different,
and working for disharmony;
In an age when the church is caught up in the evil and sin of
persecution, unrighteous name calling, trial and judgment, and
The Presbyterian Health, Education and Welfare Association
of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.),
led by the Holy Spirit,
and informed by the ministry of Jesus the Christ,
proclaims itself to be an inclusive community,
accepting those who are cast out by society,
welcoming those who are dispossessed,
and including those who are oppressed.
PHEWA tries to be a community where
people are accepted for who they are,
free under the grace and salvation of God,
free from persecution and attack,
free from fear of reprisal,
and protected by the mercy of Christ.
PHEWA will continue to be a community of diverse opinions,
where different ideas may be proclaimed without fear of attack,
where honest discussion overcomes angry rhetoric,
where diversity is proclaimed over segregation,
acceptance over judgment.
PHEWA will continue to proclaim the message of justice and mercy,
crying out for those with no voice,
joining with those who are seeking a voice within the church,
serving sisters and brothers in the ministries of health,
education and welfare.
Entering the PHEWA community, individuals and networks
agree to abide by these gospel standards,
accepting each other in love,
disagreeing with mercy, uniting for justice,
and serving with compassion.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
95011 PHEWA AWARD WINNER CASTIGATES CHURCH, GOVERNMENT
by Jerry L. Van Marter
Editor's note: This story contains some language that may be
offensive to some. -- Jerry L. Van Marter
NEW ORLEANS--Ravaged by the AIDS virus that one day soon will kill
him, the Rev. Matt English seized the last opportunity he will
probably have to speak publicly to lash out at those in the
Presbyterian Church and society he said have made him feel like he
"has been tossed in the trash and discarded like a leper."
Barely able to walk or catch his breath, English spoke to the
Presbyterian Health, Education and Welfare Association (PHEWA) Jan.
14 during its 1995 biennial conference after receiving its 1995
John Park Lee Award for outstanding social welfare ministry. He
was honored for his work as executive director of North Dallas
Shared Ministries, an ecumenical social service agency supported
by 41 congregations in that city.
After struggling to the podium to accept his award, English
drew guffaws when he wise-cracked, "You have just witnessed
There was little laughter after that. In his acceptance
speech, English excoriated "fascists and fundamentalists in the
Presbyterian Church who believe only they know who belongs. ...
They want to exclude, but according to Jesus, as soon as they
exclude, they are out and everyone else is in -- the God of
exclusion is not the God we know in Jesus."
He then criticized groups such as Presbyterians for Biblical
Sexuality, describing them as "penis-pushers who would stick a
penis on God so they can protect male dominance of the church and
English questioned whether such groups have read the Bible.
"Do they want a biblical sexuality in which polygamy is the norm,
not to mention harems and concubines and temple prostitutes? Do
they want a biblical sexuality in which rape and incest are
commonplace and accepted behavior? Do they want a biblical
sexuality in which Paul frowns on marriage? I don't think they've
read the Bible at all," he thundered.
English leveled some of his bitterest criticism at the Board
of Pensions. "I've worked all my career to feed the hungry and now
I'm being starved by the Board of Pensions," he complained.
English said that after he was forced onto disability by his
illness, his income declined by 75 percent. He lost his house and
car and now moves from friend's house to friend's house in
Board of Pensions representatives who were in attendance at
the PHEWA conference said English's income could only have dropped
so precipitously if he had opted out of Social Security (a choice
given to ministers on the grounds of sepAration of church and
state). Pension and disability benefits are calculated on the
presumption of participation in Social Security.
In a subsequent interview with the Presbyterian News Service,
Board of Pensions president John Detterick confirmed that the Board
had paid the maximum benefit allowed to English "given the
circumstances of his participation in the plan." He added that the
details of each plan member's participation in the pension and
health plan is confidential information.
Nevertheless, Board of Pensions staff member the Rev. Jack
McAnlis told the PHEWA gathering, "the church should find ways to
insure that no one falls through the cracks the way Matt has."
English also claimed that Dallas-based Grace Presbytery has
neglected him. "It feels like the Presbyterian Church has tossed
me in the trash, discarded me like a leper."
But Christa Dixon, a member of Grace Presbytery, said that
English's AIDS-induced memory loss caused him to forget assistance
the presbytery has tried to provide. She said the presbytery has
also had great difficulty locating English since he moved from
Dallas to northern California last summer.
English said he left Dallas after losing his house "because
the Presbyterian mayor made destitution a crime in order to get the
homeless people off the streets before the World Cup soccer matches
arrived." He also criticized government policies he charged make
medicine and nutritional supplements for AIDS sufferers either
impossible to attain or prohibitively expensive.
"It's funny, though," English continued, "I find that while
the church has screwed me, God is good to me and I find Jesus all
the time in strangers."
English also praised PHEWA. "You keep me going from day to
day and I want to encourage you to keep on because out there on the
margins, among the marginalized, is where God's commonwealth in
Jesus is being created."
He concluded by dedicating his award "to all the marginal
people of the world."
A spontaneous offering -- bread baskets passed around the
luncheon tables -- collected $1,000 and was given to English.
Another Award Winner Responds
Later in the day, at the PHEWA business meeting, the
association was praised by the Rev. David Cockroft for giving
English a time and place to speak.
"PHEWA was at its finest as it presented the John Park Lee
Award to the Rev. Matt English at lunchtime today," said Cockroft,
pastor emeritus at Riverdale Presbyterian Church in the Bronx, N.Y.
He made his remarks after receiving PHEWA's Rodney T. Martin Award
for sustained service to the organization.
"This is one of the few places in this church," Cockroft said,
"where someone who is dying, someone who is angry -- an anger which
is not pleasant even without the language, which might have
offended some people -- can have a place."
Cockroft, who said he "junked" his previously prepared
acceptance speech after hearing English, continued, "Sometimes
things cannot be done `decently and in order,' but who knows where
the Spirit is at work? Maybe we saw the face of Christ today. I
don't know. All I know is that this beloved church of ours needs
to be shaken up. We need to get beyond the petty squabbles that
seem to consume so much of our energy. We need to learn, without
glossing over or covering up anything, how to live together."
One PHEWA Network Responds with Statement
Also at the business meeting, Community Ministries and
Neighborhood Organizations (COMANO), the PHEWA-related network with
which English is affiliated, issued a statement intended primarily
for the press. Read into the record by the Rev. Robert Brashear
of Pittsburgh, it said:
"Everything we do we do out of the daily living out of our
ministries, ministries to which we have been called by God,
ministries for which we offer no apology.
"Know that although only one of our networking groups bears
the name `community ministries,' each and every one of our networks
is a community ministry. And we, together, constitute a community.
"Know that if some of us are concerned about mental illness,
it is because there are those in our midst who wrestle daily with
those demons and we are called for Jesus' sake to wrestle with
"Know that if some of us are concerned about alcohol and other
drug abuse it is because there are those in our midst who wrestle
daily with those demons and we are called for Jesus' sake to
wrestle with them.
"Know that if there are those among us who are concerned about
disabilities, it is because there are those in our midst who
struggle daily with barriers, some physical and others only in the
human heart, and we are called for Jesus' sake to struggle with
"And know that if there are those among us who are concerned
about AIDS, it is not because of any agenda to ordain anyone, but
because there are those in our midst who live and die daily with
AIDS -- gay and straight, male and female, adult and child. And
we are called for Jesus' sake to live and die with them.
"And know that if there are any of our elected officers who
are gay and lesbian, it is not because of any issue that we went
looking for them but because they were already here, in our midst,
endowed by God with ministries that we cannot give up or refuse to
"So when you write about us, we call upon you to understand
what it means to live and speak within community, and if you cannot
understand, then, for Jesus' sake, respect the integrity of our
community and the dignity of each and every member of our
"For we are not here because of issues, nor are we here to
argue about doctrine or theology, as much as they undergird all
that we do.
"But we are here to encourage and expand the living out of our
ministries -- literally ministries of life and death, whether that
death be the subtle death of exclusion by community or church, or
whether that death be the literal slow agonizing living death of
AIDS, or the sudden death of children shot dead on our doorsteps.
"And so, for Jesus' sake, we invite you, we call on you and
those you report to, to join with us in these ministries, either
through your direct participation or through prayers of solidarity.
"And if you do not so choose, then, for Jesus' sake, remain
silent and harass not. Is it a witness to us Presbyterians that
a secular blues bar here in New Orleans has as its slogan: `Heal
Ever, Hurt Never'?"
A Note About PHEWA
PHEWA is a voluntary membership organization of Presbyterians
dedicated to the social welfare and justice ministries of the
church. It is related to the National Ministries Division of the
General Assembly Council and is organized into 10 networks that
focus on particular types of social ministry.
The 10 PHEWA networks are Community Ministries and
Neighborhood Organizations (COMANO); Presbyterian AIDS Network
(PAN); Presbyterians Reaffirming Reproductive Options (PARO);
Presbyterian Association of Specialized Pastoral Ministries
(PASPM); Presbyterian Child Advocacy Network (PCAN); Presbyterians
for Disabilities Concerns (PDC); Presbyterian Health Network (PHN);
Presbyterian Network on Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (PNAODA);
Presbyterian Mental Illness Network (PMIN); and Urban Presbyterian
Pastors Association (UPPA).